Mattress Glossary

The glossary below provides additional information on a number of components used throughout the mattresses on our website


Alpaca wool fibres are nearly indestructible meaning that they are a durable, reliable filling for any mattress.

As the fibres are of a hollow structure this allows for a higher level of mattress breathability ensuring it keeps that fresh feel.

Perfect for allergy sufferers, alpaca naturally combats dust mites and bacteria to provide a healthy night’s sleep.


Bamboo has natural antibacterial properties helping to create a healthy sleeping environment as it provides protection against bacteria and fungi.

As Bamboo is up to four times more absorbent than cotton, its moisture wicking properties assist in keeping the mattress fresh resulting in an hygienic sleeping environment.


Adding a layer of luxury, cashmere is used only in the finest mattresses to provide a cloud-like comfort allowing you to sink into the mattress.

Natural temperature regulating properties allow its insulation to change with the seasons to provide a warming effect in the winter and a cooling effect in the summer.


Cotton provides exceptional ventilation throughout the mattress along with having high absorbency allowing for additional breathability and a hygienic sleeping surface.


Geltex has similar properties to memory foam in that it easily moulds to your body shape and assists in spinal alignment.

The main difference being geltex has an open cell structure allowing for temperature regulation to provide a cooling effect.

Hand Side Stitching

A traditional finish to any high quality mattress, due to the complexity of the process this is only carried out by the most seasoned craftsmen.

The process involves using long needles to secure the outer layer of springs to the mattress border, this is a key prevention to stop roll out.

Hand Tufting

This is the most traditional way to complete the mattress manufacturing process, it is carried out to allow for even distribution of fillings for ultimate support.

The tufts connect from the top to the bottom of the mattress, this ensures that any loose fillings are secured in place.


Taken from the horse’s mane of tail, the fibre instantly bounces back after compression allowing your mattress to keep its original shape.

Some manufacturers state that adding horsehair is like doubling the spring content in the mattress due to the high levels of support it offers.


Hybrid mattresses (also known as combination mattresses) consist of a base layer of springs combined with layers of either memory foam, latex or geltex to provide exceptional comfort and support.

Due to the high levels of support, these mattresses are ideal for front or side sleepers.


Latex is a naturally breathable material allowing for excellent air circulation throughout the mattress.

With hypoallergenic properties, latex is an exceptional choice for those who suffer with allergies or asthma.

When the mattress is in use, the latex will mould to your body shape to provide support, once the mattress is not in use it will then regain its original shape due to its high elasticity which in turn prolongs the life of the mattress.

Memory Foam

Memory foam is one of the most commonly used fillings in mattresses, it is primarily used for its ability to mould to your body shape providing cushioning to the pressure points throughout the body soothing aches and pains.

Memory foam mattresses are suitable for all sleeping positions, front, back or side.

Open Coil Springs

Also known as “traditional springs” open coil units are manufactured using one continuous piece of metal wire which is then coiled into springs offering a medium level of support.

Non Turn

Certain mattresses will not require turning, however, they will still need rotating on a regular basis in order to provide even settlement of fillings to prolong the life of the mattress.

Pocket Springs

These are the highest quality springs used in the mattress industry, each spring is nested in its own individual fabric pocket allowing it to work independently to provide comfort and support.

As the springs work individually, if you’re sharing a mattress with a partner this allows you to move without disturbing the other person.

Reflex Foam

This has the same properties as memory foam as it moulds to shape to provide cushioning to the pressure points throughout the body.

However, reflex foam is a high density foam meaning it provides a firmer feel than standard memory foam, or is often used along with memory foam, for a firm base.


Solotex is only used by certain mattress manufacturers, it carries essentially the same properties as latex.

It has an extremely high elasticity and bounce back ability, this provides cushioning to the pressure points throughout the body as it moulds to shape in order to reduce aches and pains, and once the mattress is not in use it can regain its original shape.


This is the woven fabric used on the surface of the mattress, this is usually a soft damask.


To prolong the life of your mattress, most will require turning, this allows for even settlement of fillings and ensures all parts of the mattress are slept on.

We recommend rotating your mattress twice a month for the first 2 months then once a month thereafter.


Wool is a naturally soft fibre used to add a comfort layer usually once paired with a pocket spring unit.

With moisture wicking properties it can absorb twice the amount of moisture than cotton ensuring a hygienic sleeping environment.along with inhibiting the growth of bacteria and dust mites keeping both you and your mattress healthy.

With temperature regulating properties, wool provides a cooling effect in the summer and a warming effect keeping you cosy in those winter months.